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June 24, 2022 10:22 pm

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Disease X-19 Medical Review

medrxiv Subject Collection: Infectious Diseases: Prevalence of mask wearing in northern Vermont in response to SARS-CoV-2

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Mask wearing is integral to reducing the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Information on prevalence of face mask usage is required both to model disease spread and to improve compliance with mask usage through targeted messaging. We sought to (1) estimate the prevalence of mask usage in the most populous county of Vermont (Chittenden County;>25% of state population) and to (2) assess the effect of age and sex on mask use. We monitored the entrances to eight different business types and visually assessed individuals’ age, gender, and mask use from a distance. We collected 1004 observations from 16 May through 30 May 2020 as businesses began to reopen following an extended state-wide lock down. We analyzed these data using a Bayesian random effects logistic regression model. We found that overall 75.5% of individuals used a mask with significant effects of age and gender on mask usage. Females were more likely to wear masks than males (83.8%, n=488 vs. 67.6%, n=516 mask usage, respectively); the odds of a male wearing a mask was 53% that of the female odds. Across age groups, the elderly were most likely to wear a mask (91.4%, n=209) followed by young adults (74.8%, n=246), middle-aged adults (70.7%, n=519) and children (53.3%, n=30). The odds of an elderly person wearing a mask were 16.7 times that of a child, while the odds for young adults and middle-aged adults were {approx}3 times greater than a child. Highest mask usage was in elder females (96.3%, n=109) and lowest mask usage was in male children (43.8%, n=16).

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medrxiv Subject Collection: Infectious Diseases


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